Current science highlights worldwide adverse health outcomes related to climate change. Consensus supports that human behavior contributes to climate change: 97% of climatologists maintain that climate change is caused by human activities, particularly fossil fuel combustion and tropical deforestation. (Meehl & Tebaldi, 2004) Therefore, every country has an important role in lessening the human consequences of climate change. India, has made a valiant effort in the fight against climate change which in turn is a fight towards better public health.
With India ranking number four of the countries with the highest carbon emission, it’s imperative that the country tale further steps to reduce their footprint. India is also one of the most populated countries currently and is expected to grow. Geographically, India is particularly vulnerable to public health issues increased by global warming like vectorborne diseases and malnutrition. Vectorborne diseases are sensitive to climate through multiple ways: first, through geographic shifts of reservoirs; second, through changes in rates of development, survival, and reproduction of vectors, reservoirs, and pathogens; and third, through increased biting by vectors and prevalence of infection in reservoirs or vectors. (Patz & Hahn, 2002) Exposure to vectorborne diseases, for example, dengue, will likely worsen in a warmer world. Malnutrition is one of the most important health concerns related to climate change. Three mechanisms affect food security: reduced crop yields, increased losses, and decreased nutrient content.
The news article highlights the efforts being made by India to lessen the effects of climate change by beginning to invest and convert to solar and wind power energy in order to provide its people energy 24 hours a day, 7 days a week by the year 2030. This is making renewable energy just as affordable as fossil fuels and makes and the World Bank stated that not only will this help hundreds of million people light their homes it will also enable children to study at night, provide families with refrigerators to preserve their food or TVs to entertain themselves. This initiative goes far beyond the Indian borders. Providing their society with renewable energy is an investment in the future of the world. People will have more access to the internet, to safe and clean food and the healthcare system will feel less of a burden from climate change related consequences.
Meehl GA, Tebaldi C. More intense, more frequent, and longer lasting heat waves in the 21st century. Science. 2004;305(5686):994-997.
Patz JA, Hahn MB. Climate change (communication arising): regional warming and malaria resurgence. Nature. 2002;420(6916):627- 628.